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Blood Donation

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Blood Donation is a year long activity of our club. In fact the Rotary year starts with a blood donation camp in the morning on the day of installation of our President. For many years we have been conducting camps at factories, offices and workshops of our members and in association with other social, religious and various professional & trade organizations. We also conduct blood donation camps in association with Rotaract clubs and Interact schools.

Over the year this project has gain momentum and grown in size. We have been collecting more than 2000 units of blood every year for past many years.

The objective of these camps is not just to collect blood units but also to make general public aware about blood donation and its benefits. We make every effort to motivate people to come forward and donate for this noble cause. We specially encourage first time donors as we believe that once the initial hesitation/fear goes away, the donor starts enjoying and look forward to the next camp!!

BENEFITS OF BLOOD DONATION

  1. It reduces the chances of heart disease.
  2. Enhance the production of new Red Blood Cells (RBC)
  3. It also helps in fighting hemochromatosis. (A disorder that results in too much iron being absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract)
  4. Burns calories.
  5. Basic blood test and few physical tests like weight/BP etc are done free of cost before donation.
  6. The biggest of them all. Your one unit of blood (Approx 350 ml) can potentially save three lives. The feeling is amazing.

ARE YOU A FIRST TIME DONOR?

Many first-time donors come to their donation with a fear of needles but most find the donation process easy and relatively painless. Here are some tips to help you make it through your first donation.

  1. Focus on the lives you may be helping to save by donating blood. By giving a single pint of blood, you may help save as many as three lives. You will feel just a slight pinch, and it’s over in seconds. The difference you can make may last a lifetime.
  2. Make yourself familiar with the blood donation process – this will help you feel prepared for each step. And feel free to ask questions if you want to learn more.
  3. You don’t have to look at the donation procedure. Bring a music player with you, read a book, talk with staff or just close your eyes and relax.
  4. When you arrive for your blood donation, tell the person who greets you that you are afraid of needles. The staff will be there to talk with you and assist you during your donation.
  5. Many donors enjoy donating with a friend both for the moral support and for celebrating the good they’ve done together.

Source: Red Cross
BLOOD DONATION (STEP BY STEP)

By following a few recommendations before, during and after your blood donation can help you make your donation experience as safe, successful and pleasant as possible

BEFORE

  1. Maintain a healthy iron level in your diet by eating iron rich foods, such as spinach, fish, poultry, beans, iron-fortified cereals and raisins.
  2. Get a good night’s sleep.
  3. Drink an extra glass of water or fluids before the donation.
  4. Eat a healthy meal before your donation. Avoid fatty foods, such as burgers, fries or ice cream before donating. Tests for infections done on all donated blood can be affected by fats that appear in your blood for several hours after eating fatty foods.
  5. If you are a platelet donor, remember that your system must be free of aspirin for two days prior to donation.
  6. Remember to bring your donor card, driver’s license or some forms of ID.

DURING

  1. Wear clothing with sleeves that can be raised above the elbow.
  2. Let the phlebotomist (individuals trained to draw blood samples for medical testing) know if you have a preferred arm and show the staff any good veins that you have used successfully in the past to draw blood.
  3. Relax, listen to music, talk to other donors or read during the donation process.
  4. Take the time to enjoy a snack and a drink in the refreshments area immediately after donating.

AFTER

  1. Drink plenty of fluids over the next 24-48 hours to replenish any fluids you lost during donation.
  2. Avoid strenuous physical activity or heavy lifting for about five hours after donation especially arm thru which you have donated blood.
  3. If you feel light headed, lie down, preferably with feet elevated, until the feeling passes.
  4. In rare cases when bleeding occurs after removing the bandage, apply pressure to the site and raise your arm for 3-5 minutes. If bleeding or bruising occurs under the skin, apply a cold pack to the area periodically during the first 24 hours.
  5. If for any reason something doesn’t feel right, contact the blood bank on number provided to you after your donation.
  6. Enjoy the good feeling that comes with knowing that you may have saved as many as three lives.

WHAT HAPPENS TO BLOOD YOU DONATE?

Step 1: The Donation

  1. Donor registers
  2. Health history and mini physical are completed
  3. About 1 pint of blood and several small test tubes are collected from each donor
  4. The bag, test tubes and the donor record are labeled with an identical bar code label to keep track of the donation.
  5. The donation is stored in iced coolers until it is transported to Blood Bank

Step 2: Processing

  1. Donated blood is scanned into a computer database
  2. Most blood is spun in centrifuges to separate the transfusable components – red cells, platelets, and plasma
  3. The primary components like plasma can be further manufactured into components such as cryoprecipitate.
  4. Red cells are then leuko-reduced.
  5. Single donor platelets are leukoreduced and bacterially tested.
  6. Test tubes are sent for testing.

Step 3: Testing

  1. Steps 2 and 3 take place in parallel
  2. The test tubes are received in Blood Bank Laboratories
  3. A dozen tests are performed on each unit of donated blood – to establish the blood type and test for infectious diseases
  4. Test results are communicated to the manufacturing facility within 24 hours.
  5. If a test result is positive, the unit is discarded and the donor is notified. Test results are confidential and are only shared with the donor, except as may be required by law

Step 4: Storage

  1. When test results are received, units suitable for transfusion are labeled and stored
  2. Red Cells are stored in refrigerators at 6ºC for up to 42 days
  3. Platelets are stored at room temperature in agitators for up to five days.
  4. Plasma and cryo are frozen and stored in freezers for up to one year

Step 5: Distribution

Blood is available to be shipped to hospitals 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.



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© Rotary Club of Nagpur